SchoolSymmetry in Art and Architecture


Symmetry is a mathematical operation, or transformation, that results in the same figure as the original figure (or its mirror image). It is everywhere, in the sciences, in the arts, in architecture, in nature, and in our everyday life.
The term symmetry is used both in the arts and in the sciences.
In art, symmetry is often used as an aesthetic element. It is often used, to mean a kind of balance in which the corresponding parts are not necessarily alike but only similar.
Generally is a balance between various parts of an object.

There are several examples of symmetry in painting. The follow pictures show how symmetry is used in some famous paintings.
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Crucifixion by Raphael Madonna del Roseto by Sandro Botticelli The Vitruvian Man, by Leonardo da Vinci Demon and Angels by escher the assuption of the virgin, Bernardo Daddi1 School-of-athens the_Sacrament_of_the_last_supper the story of Virginia The story of Nastagio Degli Onesti

Architecture, as any compositional art, makes extensive use of symmetry. Across all cultures and in all time periods, architectural compositions are symmetrically arranged.
Symmetry has long been a predominant design element in architecture. It is used in the design of the overall floor plan of buildings as well as the design of individual building elements such as doors, windows, floors, frieze work, and ornamentation.
The follow pictures show how symmetry is used in some greek buildings.
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caryatids epidaure experimental_high_school_of_Mytilene Parthenon rotonda Saint_Therapon santorini National Technical University of Athens